HIV is transmitted in 3 main ways:
HIV is a fragile virus. It cannot live long outside the body and it is only transmitted through these very specific means. As a result, it CAN NOT transmitted through day-to-day activities such as shaking hands, hugging, or a casual kiss. You cannot become infected from a toilet seat, drinking fountain, doorknob, dishes, drinking glasses, food, or pets. You also cannot get HIV from mosquitoes.
The ONLY body fluids that have been shown to contain transmittable concentrations of HIV are:
Some people fear that HIV might be transmitted in other ways; however, no scientific evidence to support any of these fears has been found. If HIV were being transmitted through other routes (such as through air, water, or insects), the pattern of reported AIDS cases would be much different from what has been observed. For example, if mosquitoes could transmit HIV infection, many more young children and preadolescents would have been diagnosed with AIDS.
All reported cases suggesting new or potentially unknown routes of transmission are thoroughly investigated by state and local health departments with the assistance, guidance, and laboratory support from CDC.
According to Dr. Joel Gallant, Professor of Medicine at John Hopkins School of Medicine and Infectious Disease Specialist,
" When asked if he is safe or if it is carried in saliva, or if he can be hugged, or if he can share a spoon, I gently remind "Please don't have sex, or do drugs with my 3 year old, and you will be perfectly safe."
"I have no fears that HIV will be transmitted to anyone else in the family because it can only be transmitted in 3 ways: 1. mother to child transmission through birth or breast feeding. She is neither giving birth nor breast feeding anyone else in our home so no worries there. 2. sharing contaminated needles. I am very certain there are currently no intravenous drug users in the house, so strike 2. 3. Sexual contact.
If the children in my home are having sex with each other then I have even bigger problems, don't I?" -Traci